A Guide About The Skin and A Natural Skin Care Regime

The skin consists of three main layers: the Epidermis, the Dermis and the Superficial Fascia or Subcutaneous.  The skin is the largest organ of the body and will absorb anything you apply to your face.  Therefore, the products you use should be natural and free of chemicals.  The face and neck are the thinnest areas of the skin, the palms and soles are the thickest.


The Epidermis is the outer skin layer, which has five sub layers that are constantly shedding old cells and rebuilding new ones.  The new cells push the old cells towards the surface.

The Dermis is where the collagen and elastin fibers are found, they give the skin strength and elasticity.  The nourishment needed for constant renewal of cells comes from the capillary blood vessels in this layer.  This is where skin rejuvenation takes place.  The rate of cell regeneration is strongly influenced internally by such things as sun exposure, circulation, diet, smoking, drugs and age.

The Superficial Fascia is the bottom layer; it separates the Dermis from the muscles, which allows the skin to move.  The life cycle of each new cell is approximately 6 to 8 weeks, therefore any skin treatment will need 6 to 8 weeks of time before any real improvement can be expected.  We must also remember the delicate skin of the neck and chest.  Generally, all things we do to our face, we should include our neck and chest.  The neck is the first to go!


Best skin care practice to keep the skin youthful.


It is very important for the skin to remain clean.  We are now living in a time where no matter where we go, there is pollution of some kind; car exhaust, cigarette smoke, pesticides, chemicals, and the list goes on.  Toxin elimination happens through the skin’s pores.  It is so vital to keep the pores clean and unplugged so that the toxins have a way to be released and the skin can breath properly.

A good cleanser will thoroughly clean the pores, lift out impurities, improve circulation and bring a brightness to the skin.  The cleanser will be slightly alkaline, which will temporarily change the pH of the skin, allowing the dirt to loosen and attract itself to the cleanser to be easily washed away.  The skin will return to its slightly acidic, pH balance with the assistance of a toner, tonic, or hydrosol.  Our skin typically has an acidic pH of 4.5 to 5.5 the pH scale is 0 to 14, 7.0 being the neutral point.


Young skin cells shed effortlessly, however the process slows down as one ages.  The new cells form in the Basel layer, the deepest sub layer of the Epidermis. The new cells push the old cells to the surface, that is what causes dry patches, which gives the complexion a sallow, dull and lifeless appearance.  The buildup of dead skin cells will also limit how much of your moisturizer will penetrate through.

Exfoliating cleanses the skin while stimulating new cell growth and circulation by sloughing off the dead skin.  This is very helpful in keeping the skin color balanced by unblocking the pores and reducing blackheads, spots and blotchiness.   Exfoliating gives your complexion a bright youthful glow.


Steaming has been an ancient ritual practiced by many.  The Romans believed that steaming was good for cleaning and beautifying the skin.  Today, many estheticians would agree to the benefits of steaming.

Steaming is a very important step in the cleansing process.  It boosts the blood circulation, which is essential for the reproduction of new and healthy cells.  Steam causes the pores to open and perspire which releases trapped toxins and brings them to the surface.  It also loosens dirt and impurities so that the skin may breath.  The moisture softens the surface layer of the skin and this helps reduce wrinkles.  Steam helps to free any dead skin cells, dirt, or bacteria trapped which may cause breakouts and blackheads.

Herbs and essential oils nourish the skin with their healing and rejuvenating qualities by improving circulation, cellular metabolism and regeneration, which brings vitality to the complexion.  It will also allow your skin to better absorb any products you use after the steaming such as a facial oil.  So make sure your moisturizer is chemical free.  Steaming regularly will soften skins and reduce facial lines as well as give a heightened sense of beauty.


For most skin types, a mask is a necessary step in the maintenance and health of the skin, but it is often a forgotten step.  A mask is a deep cleansing process that nourishes, hydrates, revitalizes and soothes the many layers of the skin.  It balances the skin secretions and draws out toxins and impurities that accumulate over time from all the pollutants in the environment.  A mask will soften, tone, tighten and bring a brightness to the complexion.­

Masks will also increase oxygen intake, stimulate blood circulation and remove excess oil out of the pores helping to unclog them.  A hydrosol or toner is used to keep masks moist minimizing the loss of the much needed natural oils and helps keep the moisture balance of the skin.

Masks are best applied after exfoliation of dead skin cells when the surface of the skin is smooth and clean.  This helps the healing and rejuvenating qualities penetrate deep into the pores.

Skin care products work more effectively after the use of a mask.


A toner is an important step of the cleansing process.  It will assure that the skin returns to a normal acidic pH, which helps keep bacteria away.  They help to prevent moisture loss and dry scaly skin, all caused by either over acidic or over alkaline levels.  Overall, a toner restores balance to the skin after cleansing.  They speed up cell regeneration, which reduces the appearance of fine lines.  They also reduce oil secretion and increases blood flow.   Toning your skin also improves the elimination of toxins and it helps to refine and tighten your pores.  Thus, reducing the penetration of impurities and environmental contaminants into your skin giving you a brighter complexion and improved skin tone.


A facial moisturizer/oil is used to help hold in the skins natural moisture as well as it adds moisture to skin if it doesn’t produce enough.  They are also designed to help prevent wrinkles, prematurely aging skin and to balance the sebaceous glands.  Our skin is always adjusting to changes in climate, environment or diet.  A simple light facial oil may be more suitable in summer and a richer moisturizer may be more preferable in winter.

It might seem crazy, but a facial oil can work wonders if you have oily or acne prone skin.  Oils are fantastic for helping to rebalance, condition and repair skin.  Often, using a facial oil on oily skin can help to regulate the skin’s oil production, which in turn reduces congestion and overproduction of sebum.

Daily – skin care regime should be to wash, tone and moisturize.

Weekly or bi-weekly – skin care regime should be wash, exfoliate, steam, mask, tone and moisturize.


Skin Types

Normal skin – is evenly balanced, smooth and firm.  It has finely textured pores, no wrinkles and is very soft.  Normal skin can change to slightly dry in the winter and lightly oily in the summer.

Dry skin – is dry, fine textured skin that usually ages faster than oily skin.  It needs constant replenishment of moisture and oil.  Dry skin has difficultly producing sebum which makes it unable to trap moisture into the skin.  It is best to correct it sooner rather than later, as it usually gets drier with time.  A build up of dead cells usually occurs which makes the skin look flat, dull, thin and sometimes flaky.

Oily skin – shows fewer wrinkles and is generally a thicker skin.  With over production of oil and improper cleansing, this type tends to form pimples and black heads.  The sebaceous glands produce too much sebum causing clogged pores.

Combination skin – is just that, a combination of normal, dry and or oily.  It may also be combined with normal, wrinkled and/or acne.

Acne skin – is more complicated than oily skin.  It can be due to a normal change  in youth or later in life.  Acne is caused by a poor lymphatic flow and overactive sebaceous glands.  Stimulants that aggravate acne are coffee, chocolate, black tea, soda, smoking, etc.  Over drying of the skin with the use of rubbing alcohol or harsh soaps does not correct the problem; instead, it over stimulates the glands causing the production of more oil thus, creating more acne.

Mature/wrinkled – happens as we age and fair skin tends to wrinkle more than darker skin tones.  Over time, being in the sun, not eating healthy and just being around environmental toxins can cause the skin to age.  As we age, the skin’s sebum production slows down and fine lines and wrinkles show up.

Sensitive/fragile skin – is a delicate type, which reacts more to products containing synthetic substances, strong preservatives or chemicals. These products strip away all of the good bacteria as well as the bad.  This makes it impossible for the skin to normalize and keeps the skin sensitive.  Sensitive skin is most likely thin and vulnerable which needs constant care.  Sensitive skin can show symptoms of dryness, rashes and broken capillaries.


Brewers Yeast Scrub/Mask for Mature, Oily or Acne Skin

The great thing about this is it is a scrub and a mask all in one.  It is soothing from the oats yet stimulating from the brewers yeast and will regenerate and bring oxygen to your skin while tightening your pores.  You will love how it brings a glow to your skin.


Recipe: 1/2 Cup

  • 1/4 Cup Steel Cut Oats
  • 2 Tablespoons Brewers Yeast
  • 2 Tablespoons Cup Almonds
  • 3 Drops Lavender Essential Oil
  • 1 Drops Lemon Essential Oil
  • Olive Oil and/or Honey  (Optional)


Grind the almonds until coarsely ground in a food processor then add the oats pulse a few times then add the brewer’s yeast and turn on then drop the lavender in while on until well combined.

Wash your face, neck and chest and add a little of the scrub/mask in your hand or small bowl and mix with a little water, oil and/or honey for extra moister and scrub in circular motions very lightly letting the scrub do the work then leave on for 15 – 20 minutes and rinse well.

* If you use honey make sure your face is wet with water or a hydrolsol otherwise it’s to sticky to scrub.

*You will feel tingling from the brewers yeast, this is normal.  It is bringing circulation to your skin.

Or you can apply this in the shower, first wash your face, neck, chest, arms and hands then gently scrub in circular motions and leave on while you wash your hair and body etc. rinse off.

Spray with a toner and apply a face oil or lotion to trap in the toner.

           Use: 1 – 3 times a week

Skin Benefits:

Oat Powder – All skin types.  Reduces the appearance of fine lines & wrinkles. Cleansing, softening, moisturizer, toning, protective to the skin, lifts away dead skin cells, helps fade age spots, smooths skin, protect the skin, helps minimize scars, make a paste for rashes & insect bites.  Anti-Inflammatory, anti-oxidant & anti-itch.

Brewers Yeast – Great for mature, oily, or acne skin.  Helps to clear problem skin, minimize brown spots, tighten pores, pull out Impurities, helps UV damage, stimulates blood flow, circulation & brightens complexion.  Anti-bacterial.  High in B Vitamins, Chromium & Selenium.

Almond Meal – All skin type.  Cleansing, moisturizer, softening, smoothing, nourishing, lifts out impurities by unclogging pores, cleanses away dead skin cell & replenish skin oils.  Anti-Inflammatory & antioxidant.  High in vitamin E which is great for premature aging

Lavender Essential Oil – All skin types – balancing oil, meaning if you have dry skin it returns it to a normal state and the same goes for oily skin as it balance the sebum production, this is why it is used on all skin types.  It reduces inflammation, soothing, healing and rejuvenating.


Olive oil – Penetrates deep into the skin.  Dry, sensitive, wrinkles, itchy & inflamed. Soothing, very mild, attracts external moisture, cell regenerator & plumps the skin.  Anti-aging, anti-Inflammatory & strong anti-oxidant qualities.  Contains vitamins A, E, K, minerals & proteins.

Honey is extremely moisturizing and soothing to the skin as well as it is high in enzymes so it has a exfoliating effect.  It is an antibacterial that is great for blemishes as well as with the antimicrobial, anti-fungal, and antiseptic properties.  It is an anti-oxidant that helps slow down signs of aging and helps bring a youthful glow to your face.

Coconut Pink Clay Mask

This is such a great mask, it is super moisturizing and it helps to eliminate toxins and tone your skin while tightening your pores.  It is great for mature skin and also helps to keep wrinkles at bay.

You won’t believe how silky soft your skin will be after you use it!


Recipe: Approx. 1/4 cup + 2 tablespoons

 Use: 3 – 4 times a week

  • 2 Tablespoons Coconut Butter
  • 2 Tablespoons Coconut Oil
  • 1 Tablespoons French Pink Clay
  • 1 Tablespoons Aloe
  • 2 Drops Lavender Essential Oil
  • 1 Drops Ylang Ylang  Essential Oil
  • 1 Drops Grapefruit Seed Extract


Measure everything and puree in a food processor or blender until really smooth and creamy. Scrape the sides and stir the bottom at least once.

Wash your face and preferably exfoliate then apply mask for up to 1/2 hour.

You won’t need to spry on a hydrosol due to the coconut oil and butter.

Rinse throughly and wash your face after to remove excess oil.

*It will last for a long time in the refrigerator I sometimes make a double batch.

Skin Benefits:

Coconut Butter – is the pureed coconut meat with about 60% oil, which has a thick, creamy and slightly gritty texture.  It has the same benefits for the skin as coconut oil but helps retain moister better and it promotes skin elasticity making it great for dry, aging or wrinkled skin. It removes dead skin cells. It has a small molecular structure so it absorption easily through the skin and penetrates deep in to the layers of the skin and strengthens the tissues underneath. High in antioxidants and is an anti-inflammatory. Use in: masks and exfolients

Coconut oil (Virgin) absorbs very easily and it’s great for all skin types, especially dry, sensitive skin, pre-mature aging, wrinkle, inflamed, irritated & itchy.  It does not clog pores and it is extremely softening, soothing, nourishing, very moisturizing.  It helps retain moisture and gives the skin a protective layer. The oil is full of anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, antiseptic & antibiotic.  Contains many fatty acids & multivitamins.

French Pink Clay  is a combination of red and white clay and is one of the mildest.  It is great for normal, sensitive, delicate, mature skin & also used to treat acne.  It is very cleansing and detoxifying while it gently remove dead skin cells, absorbs dirt, oil & bacteria from pores.  It also refreshes the skin giving it a youthful glow.

Aloe Vera is full of antioxidants that draw and hold oxygen into the skin.  While it penetrates and holds moisture in the tissue it also promotes cellular renewal from the enzymes that breaks down & digest tissue. It improves the skin elasticity and minimizing fine lines and wrinkles. It tightens the skin and dilates capillaries increasing blood supply.  It is very balancing to the skins natural Ph.

Lavender Essential Oil is a balancing oil, meaning if you have dry skin it returns it to a normal state and the same goes for oily skin as it balance the sebum production, this is why it is used on all skin types.  It reduces inflammation and is soothing, healing and rejuvenating.

Ylang Ylang Essential Oil is also balancing oil like lavender. It is good for all skin types and is a toning oil.

*You can buy ingredients at your local health food store or at Mountain Rose Herbs.

Rosewater Toner

Toners improve your skins appearance by toning the skin while cleansing it further and the combination of these ingredients is such a fantastic treat for the skin. This toner is great for all skin types except sensitive, it balances the skin, which makes it good for normal, dry, oily and mature skin.  I use it to restore the Ph. balance of my skin after cleansing; it’s also hydrating and helps  retain moisture in the skin as well as soften the wrinkles.

Rose-Water-Toner-1 copy

 Recipe: Makes 3 1/2 oz.
  •  1/4 Cup + 1 Tablespoon Organic Rose Hydrosol
  • 2 Tablespoons Pure Witch Hazel
  • 1 Tablespoons Pure Aloe Vera Gel (Make sure there is no rubbing alcohol in it )
  • 1/2 Teaspoon Organic Apple Cider Vinegar
  • 2 Drop Grapefruit Seed Extract
Essential oils are optional but an added boost for your skin.  If you only want to buy one I recommend the lavender with 4 drops and make sure it’s organic
  •  Normal Skin – Lavender – 4 drops
  • Dry Skin – Lavender 2 drops – Rose Geranium 2 drops
  • Oily Skin – Lavender 2 drops – Rose Geranium 2 drops
  • Mature Skin – Lavender 2 drops – Geranium 1 drop – Lemon 1 drop


Measure everything and put in to a glass bottle with sprayer and shake well.

Sprays on your face after you shower or wash your face then apply coconut oil or a moisturizer.

The oil/moisturizer will help to trap the toner in allowing to further penetrating the top layers of your skin.

Skin Benefits:

Rose Hydrosol is super hydrating

Aloe Vera Gel penetrates the tissue and promotes cellular renewal

Witch Hazel tightens loose tissue helping tired and sluggish skin

Apple Cider brings oxygen to the cells and maintains elasticity

Grapefruit Seed Extract is very healing and deep cleansing

*You can buy all ingredients including a glass bottle with a spray top at your local health food store or at Mountain Rose Naturals.

Revitalizing Cucumber Yogurt Mask

There is nothing better than being able to whip up a at-home skin care product.  Not only is it cheaper, fun and satisfying but you know exactly what you are putting on your skin.  The skin is the largest organ you have and it sucks up what ever you put on it including chemicals so lets give it some real nourishment!  This mask will make your skin feel fantastic while balancing the Ph. balance of your skin.


Recipe: 2 – 3 applications (save in the refrigerator for up to a week)

  •  2 – 1/4 Inch Slices Cucumber
  • 1 Tablespoons + 1 Teaspoon Greek Yogurt
  • 1 Teaspoon Aloe Vera Gel
  • 1/2 Teaspoon Lemon Juice
  • 1 Teaspoon Honey


Puree the cucumber in a blender or food processor then add the yogurt, aloe, honey and lemon.

First wash your face, neck and chest then apply the mask all over and leave on for 5 minutes then apply more of the mask and repeat 1 or 2 more times for a total of 15-20 minutes.

* You can cut two slices of the cucumber and lay them on your eyes while you have on the mask.

Rinse off with warm water, and then follow cold water to help close pores.  Now is a great time to spray your face and neck with a hydrosol of toner and follow with your favorite moisturizer.  I often use coconut oil after.  You can use this mask from 1 to 3 times a week.

*We believe beauty starts within so adding cucumber to your diet like drinking cucumber juice is also very beneficial to the skin.

Skin Benefits:

Cucumbers are cleaning, soothing and softening while it rejuvenates the skin and complexion.  It contain ascorbic acid (vitamin C), vitamin K and caffeic acid which helps remove water retention reducing puffy eyes, dark circles and soothes irritated skin.  They contain pantothenic acid that helps the skin retain moisture. The vitamin A in cucumbers lightens dark spots and freckles by helping to control the production of melanin in the skin.  It tightens and brightens the skin, which revitalizes and promotes a youthful glowing skin. Cucumbers are high in antioxidants and silica that is hydrating to the connective tissues and bring the skin to a normal Ph. balance as they have the same Ph. as the skin.  The seeds are full of Vitamin E and potassium, which is great for reducing fine lines, wrinkles, aging skin and blemishes.

Yogurt tighten the pores and gently exfoliates the top layers of the skin with the lactic acid and calcium it contains. This also helps cell reproduction (skin renewal), which is helpful in reducing wrinkles.  It is very hydrating and brightening and contains anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, which makes it good for blemishes and to reduce age spots and blotchiness.  It has protein, probiotics and enzymes that restore your skin’s natural pH balance. Yogurt contains zinc with anti-inflammatory properties that helps regulate oil production and reduces oily skin, acne and pimples.  It’s also a mild anti-astringent helping to tighten skin.

Honey is extremely moisturizing and soothing to the skin as well as it is high in enzymes so it has a exfoliating effect.  It is an antibacterial that is great for blemishes as well as with the antimicrobial, anti-fungal, and antiseptic properties.  It is an anti-oxidant that helps slow down signs of aging and helps bring a youthful glow to your face.

Aloe Vera is full of antioxidants that draw and hold oxygen into the skin.  While it penetrates and holds moisture in the tissue it also promotes cellular renewal from the enzymes that breaks down & digest tissue. It improves the skin elasticity and minimizing fine lines and wrinkles. It tightens the skin and dilates capillaries increasing blood supply.  It is very balancing to the skins natural Ph.

Lemon Juice is an excellent exfoliate and get rid of dead skin cells due to being very rich in alpha hydroxy acids. You maintain the skin elasticity by removing dead skin cells and allowing the pores to breathe.  Lemon tightens wrinkles and enlarged pores, brightens the skin, and lightens age spots and other discoloration.